[p2p-hackers] Hard question....

Daniel Stutzbach agthorr at cs.uoregon.edu
Sat Apr 1 22:03:48 UTC 2006

On Sat, Apr 01, 2006 at 01:33:18PM -0800, Lemon Obrien wrote:
> udp you know you'll need to do error correction if a packet is
> missing; i do this by sending a 're-send' message; but, as some of
> you know...you can not flod the network with thousands of
> resends...especially if you relay messages to the destination
> node...so, my question is; what is a good average mean time to keep
> sending 're-sends'...i have it working with 500 milli-seconds and
> 1000...i want fast?

This is a complex topic and TCP does a lot behind the scenes to get it
right.  You need a dynamic mechanism to balance:
 - Sending packets as quickly as possible
 - But not so fast that they cause congestion and heavy packet loss

Rather than starting from scratch, I recommend studying the
way TCP handles this problem.  Here are some good references:

Van Jacobson, "Congestion Avoidance and Control", SIGCOMM, 1988

^-- Van Jacobson encountered the problem you describe in the original
implementation of BSD's TCP and fixed it.

RFC 3782: The NewReno Modification to TCP's Fast Recovery Algorithm

^-- Other researchers make a small tweak giving a significant
performance boost

W. Richard Stevens, TCP IP Illustrated, Volumes 1 and 2.

^-- Volume 2 walks through the BSD TCP source code and explains how it
all works.

The SACK extension to TCP may also be useful (especially if your
application does not need in-order delivery), but it's best to get
everything else working first before you worry too much about that.

Daniel Stutzbach                           Computer Science Ph.D Student
http://www.barsoom.org/~agthorr                     University of Oregon

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